What is a cataract?
A cataract is the natural clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye. The lens is used for focusing light onto the retina (back of the eye) so images appear clear but when you have a cataract these images become distorted. Cataracts usually progress gradually over time and are a normal part of the aging process.
A cataract can also develop rapidly as in a case of severe trauma to the eye. Other factors that may lead to cataract formation are exposure to excessive ultraviolet light, diabetes, smoking, or the use of certain medications such as steroids. Cataracts are very common generally affecting both eyes with over 3.5 million cataract surgeries performed in the U.S. each year. There is no treatment to prevent cataracts. The only way to experience clear vision is to have your cataracts removed.
What are symptoms of cataracts?
Cataracts cause a variety of visual complaints such as blurred or cloudy vision, difficulty reading small print, trouble driving at night due to glare, halos around lights, difficulty seeing street signs, needing more light to read, and occasionally double vision in one eye.
When should I have cataract surgery?
Despite being told you have cataracts, it does not mean you have to have cataract surgery. The decision to have surgery is yours. If your vision is interfering with your quality of life including impairing your ability to drive, read, watch television, or do other activities you enjoy it may be time to consider cataract surgery.
Cataract Surgery Troy, MI
Cataract surgery is performed on an outpatient basis and takes less than 20 minutes. Your eyes will be done on separate days, usually two weeks apart, and you will need a driver on the day of surgery. The procedure requires no shots or stitches. When you arrive you will be given a mild sedative to relax you and keep you comfortable. Dr. Greenberg will numb your eye with topical anesthetic eye drops. The surgery involves a process called Phacoemulsification.
A tiny incision about 1/8” is made in the cornea (clear part) of your eye. Then using a thin probe, Dr. Greenberg will break up your cataract using ultrasound and gently remove the pieces of the cataract. Once the cataract is removed, an Intraocular Lens (IOL) is placed in the thin capsular bag which held your natural lens. Once in place, it will not move and you will not feel it. The natural pressure in your eye will close the incision. You will be home within a couple of hours. Dr. Greenberg will see you the next day and you will be instructed on using eye drops as your eye heals. Most patients return to normal activities within a day with few restrictions. Cataract surgery is highly successful with 98% of patients reporting their vision was improved after the procedure.
“I had cataract surgery done by Dr. Dana Greenberg in January 2015. It was one of the best experiences I have ever had. My cataracts were replaced by multifocal lenses and I no longer need any glasses. The entire process was excellent. The surgery center personnel were professional, courteous and relieved any concerns I had. The actual procedure was painless and quick. I would highly recommend Dr. Dana Greenberg and her staff to anyone needing the procedure.
Rochester Hills, MI
Cataract Surgery Premium Lens Options
There are several types of intraocular lenses (IOLs) available: Monofocal, Toric, and Multifocal. Toric and Multifocal IOLS are considered specialty lenses. During your eye exam with Dr. Greenberg, she will determine which intraocular lens you would be a candidate for and discuss the benefits with you. To schedule an eye exam with Dr. Greenberg please call (248) 649-2820.
Multifocal IOLs are the latest advancement in lens technology. These lenses have a variety of correction powers built into the lens, offering a full range of vision including near, intermediate, and distance. This reduces or can even eliminate the need for glasses after cataract surgery. To find out if you are a candidate for multifocal lenses please call (248) 649-2820.
PanOptix Trifocal Intraocular Lens (IOL)
The PanOptix IOL is the first and only FDA approved trifocal lens for cataract surgery. This IOL
provides enhanced vision at all 3 distances: close up, intermediate and far. The PanOptix IOL
gives you the best ability to focus at all distances allowing you to enjoy a full range of activities
and be as independent as possible from glasses after cataract surgery. It does come in a TORIC
version as well to correct astigmatism.
VIVITY Intraocular Lens (IOL)
The VIVITY IOL is the first and only extended depth of focus intraocular lens for cataract
surgery. It uses a new technology known as X-Wave. This advancement allows for a continuous
extended range of vision. The lens gives high quality vision at intermediate and far distances
and functional vision up close, meaning you may need a pair of reading glasses for small print. It
provides a greater range of vision than a standard monofocal IOL. It is also available in a TORIC
version to correct astigmatism.
Toric IOLs to Correct Astigmatism
Astigmatism is the result of your cornea and lens having an irregular shape that distorts your vision. If you have been told you have astigmatism the Toric lens may be the best option for you. It is a combined solution- it corrects your astigmatism at the time of your cataract surgery, giving you the best vision possible. While Toric lenses can improve astigmatism, it does not eliminate the need for glasses altogether. To find out if you are a candidate for Toric lenses please call (248) 649-2820.